This explains the causes and effects of the Great Migration of the African Americans to the North. The Great Migration was the movement of approximately seven millions African Americans. The African Americans left the southern United States to go to the North, Midwest, and Western states. The Great Migration occurred from 1910 to 1970. African Americans migrated to escape racism in the south. Also they left to seek employment opportunities in industrial cities of the North. African Americans also left to get better education for their children and to have a more prosperous life. African Americans stayed in urban areas such as New York,Chicago,Pittsburgh, and Detroit during the first wave of the Great Migration. The first migration was from 1910 to 1970. The second migration was from 1940 to 1970. The second migration was larger, it had five million or more people relocating. The demographic differed and migrants moved to a different destination. African Americans moved from Texas and Louisiana to California because there were more jobs in the defense industry. Between 1910 and 1930 the African American population in the North rose by 20 percent. Urban cities had some of the most significant increases the early part of the century.